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About Bulgaria

Black Sea

Bulgaria occupies an area of 111 000 sq.km, with a population of approximately 8 million residents. Despite its small area, Bulgaria strikes with a variety of breathtaking landscapes and is a treasure to discover. Modern Bulgaria is a country with dynamic and steady development and progressive market economy. Since 1 January 2007, the country is a member of the European Union, which clearly defines Bulgaria as the most stable in the region, with constantly increasing trust from the investors. This puts the country on the fifth place among the most perspective real estate markets worldwide.
 
The total length of the Bulgarian coastline is 378km. It is naturally the east border of the country. The nature has lavishly gifted the Bulgarian coastline with a magical combination of beautiful beaches, a calm and innocuous sea, bright clear water, fresh air and fine golden sand. The northern coastline of Bulgaria boasts a clean and cool sea, with sandy bottom with mild heeling, big well-kept beaches with mild golden sand, century-old forests and many mineral water sources. Even the most exigent taste will be satisfied by the modern resorts “Golden Sands”, “Albena”, “Riviera”, “Rusalka”, “Sunny Day” and “St. Constantine and Helena”. Even the most passionate admirer of the natural beauty and historical monuments will enjoy the botanical gardens in Varna and Balchik and the museum in Kaliakra. The exotic nature, the rich culture, the modern building technique – all of this is an unalterable part of the northern coastline of Bulgaria.

SITUATION

Bulgaria is situated on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. Its unique geographic location acts as a peculiar bridge between Europe, Asia and Africa. To the North Bulgaria is bordered by Romania, to the West – with Serbia and Macedonia, to the South – with Greece and Turkey. Bulgaria’s eastern border is the Black Sea which connects the country with Ukraine and through the Bosporus and Dardanelle straits with the Mediterranean countries. Bulgaria occupies an area of 111 000 sq.km, with a population of approximately 8 million residents. Despite its small area, Bulgaria strikes with a variety of breathtaking landscapes and is a treasure to discover.

CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS

Fire Dancing

This is a custom that can be seen only in some villages between Strandzha and the Black Sea, around Bourgas. It is observed on the holiday of St.Konstantin and Elena, and sometimes on some of the local village fairs and the church/patron saint's days. A basic element of the custom is the dance in fire ( glowing embers). The whole village takes part in the celebration but it is only the fire-dancers that participate in the ritual dance. They are chosen by the saint who is patron of the holiday. The dancers are able to "see" his face, to "hear" his voice and his spirit is transferred in them and on his behalf they can interpret omens , give advices and scorn people.

Mummers

On New Year's Eve and Zagovezni in Bulgaria special rituals called Mummer's games take place. The Mummer's games are performed by men only. They put on special masks hand-made by each of the participants. Most of the masks are constructed by wood. Different colored threads are glued on it as well as pieces of multicolored fabrics, mirrors and other shiny elements. The masks representing a ram, a goat or a bull are considered the strangest. Their necessary part of the Mummer's games proves the thesis that the origin of the mummer's games is connected to the ancient Dionysius' games. The impact that the masked mummers make gets even bigger by the sound of the copper and bronze bells that hang on them.

Baba Marta


This day is considered the first day of the spring and is celebrated with a great joy. According to the old Bulgarian tradition martenicas, read and white threads put together, are made on this day. Everybody puts martenicas on their hands or necks to bring them health and strength and to protect them from the evil eyes. Martenicas are put on the pats and the fruit trees as well to bring them health and fruitfulness.

Easter
 
Easter is celebrated in three successive days. The first one is always a Sunday when everyone goes to the official church service. The candle that is carried throughout the service is should be carried home while it is still burning. Everybody fight with the painted eggs by crash them one against the other. The person whose egg is the strongest will be the healthiest one during the year.

BULGARIAN NATIONAL KITCHEN

Because of its geographical position and long history Bulgarian cuisine is a mixture between the Slavonic, Greek and Turkish cuisines. National specialties include: Shopska salad (sliced tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and parsley topped with grated sheep's cheese); and tarator (a cold soup of chopped cucumber, walnuts and yogurt). White sheep's cheese baked with eggs is another favorite. Other typical items on the menu include kavarma (individual casseroles of pork or veal, onions and mushrooms), shishkebab, stuffed vine or cabbage leaves and moussaka. Yogurt too, tastes better in Bulgaria, its country of origin. Other Bulgarian specialty is banitza (pastry).


NATIONAL HOLIDAYS
01.01 – New Year
03.03 – Liberation Day
27-28.04 – Easter Day
01.05 – Labour Day
06.05 – St. George’s Day
24.05 – Day of the Slavian alphabet and culture
06.09 – the Union of Eastern Rumelia with the Bulgarian Principality
22.09 – Independence day
24.12 – Christmas Eve
25.12 – Christmas
26.12 – Christmas
31.12 – New Year’s Eve

FAMOUS BULGARIAN RESORTS

About Varna

Heir of the Ancient civilizations, bravely outlasting the test of time, the modern city of Varna is one of the most beautiful Bulgarian cities, which has deservedly earned the title of “The pearl of the Bulgarian coastline”. You can enjoy the millennial history of the city and acquaint yourself with the numerous landmarks that form the intransitive appearance of Varna.

Popular resorts in Bulgaria

“St. Constantine and Helena”

“St. Constantine and Helena” is a lovely resort for calm and comfortable relaxation. The resort boasts mainly 4 and 5 star hotels, situated among a vast centuries-old park with many different species of rare trees and curative thermal mineral springs. The resort also possesses a source of hydrogen sulphide, wide beach with own port, water slide, numerous pools with sea and mineral water.

Golden Sands

The modern resort “Golden Sands” is situated close to the city of Varna in a beautiful national park. You can easily find everything concerning health and relaxation: marvelous nature, picturesque forest, splendid beaches with a total length of over 4 km., sun, sea, numerous mineral water springs. These springs have been successfully integrated into some of the most sophisticated balneology and health centers in Bulgaria.

Black Sea
Black Sea
Black Sea
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS
CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS